Better Khmer Bibles Blog

A place to discuss Khmer Bible translation problems and suggest improvements. View this tutorial on how to install Khmer Unicode on your computer so that you can view the Khmer fonts on this blog.

Wednesday, March 29, 2006

KCB - Mark 1:45

KCB translates Mark 1:45 as follows:

«ប៉ុន្តែ បុរស​នោះ​បាន​ចេញ​ទៅ រួច​ក៏​ចាប់ផ្តើម​ប្រកាស​ពី​កិច្ចការ​ជា​ច្រើន និង​បាន​ផ្សព្វ​ផ្សាយ​អំពី​រឿង​នេះ ដូច្នេះ​ហើយ​ព្រះ​អង្គ​ក៏​មិន​អាច​យាង​ចូល​ទៅ​ក្នុង​ក្រុង​ដោយ​ចំហ​បាន​ទៀត​ឡើយ ប៉ុន្តែ​ព្រះ​អង្គ​គង់​នៅ​ខាង​ក្រៅ​ក្រុង​ត្រង់​កន្លែង​ស្ងាត់​ៗ ហើយ​មនុស្ស​ម្នា​ពី​គ្រប់​ទិស​ទី​បាន​មក​រក​ព្រះ​អង្គ។»

I felt like this translation deviated from the original Greek farther than most of the passages in the KCB and also caused a couple of things to be unclear in the Khmer.

Here is a Greek Interlinear (with Khmer added) to help:

ο 3588 δε 1161[BUT HE,​ ប៉ុន្តែ​គាត់] εξελθων 1831(5631)[HAVING GONE OUT,​ បាន​ចេញ​ទៅ] ηρξατο 756(5662)[BEGAN,​ ចាប់ផ្តើម​] κηρυσσειν 2784(5721)[TO PROCLAIM "IT",​ ប្រកាស “វា”] πολλα 4183[MUCH,​ ច្រើន] και 2532[AND,​ ហើយ] διαφημιζειν 1310(5721)[TO SPREAD ABROAD, ផ្សព្វ​ផ្សាយ] τον 3588[THE] λογον 3056[MATTER, ​រឿង] ωστε 5620[SO THAT,​ ដូច្នេះ​ហើយ] μηκετι 3371[NO LONGER, មិន​បាន​ទៀត​ឡើយ ] αυτον 846[HE, ទ្រង់] δυνασθαι 1410(5738)[WAS ABLE, អាច] φανερως 5320[OPENLY, ដោយ​ចំហ] εις 1519[INTO "THE",​ទៅ​ក្នុង] πολιν 4172[CITY, ក្រុង] εισελθειν 1525(5629)[TO ENTER;,​ យាង​ចូល] αλλ 235[BUT, ប៉ុន្តែ] εξω 1854[OUTSIDE, ខាងក្រៅ] εν 1722[IN, នៅ​ក្នុង] ερημοις 2048[DESERTED, រហោ] τοποις 5117[PLACES, ឋាន] ην 2258(5713)[WAS, នៅ] και 2532[AND, ហើយ] ηρχοντο 2064(5711)[THEY CAME, គេ​បាន​មក] προς 4314[TO,​ ដល់] αυτον 846[HIM, ទ្រង់] πανταχοθεν 3836[FROM EVERY QUARTER, ពី​គ្រប់​ទិស​ទី​]

And here is a list of changes that I feel should be made:

1) "ប្រកាស​ពី​កិច្ចការ​ជា​ច្រើន" – I feel there is no reason to add "ពី​កិច្ចការ​" being that there is no equivelent in the Greek, and that it does not help the Khmer to come out more clear (in both cases, with "ពី​កិច្ចការ​" being included and without it, the question would still arise in the reader's mind, “What did he proclaim, what work did he proclaim?” which I believe is not a problem (nor does Khmer grammar demand it that I know of), they only need to read farther in the verse to find out, as a reader of the Greek would have to do. English translations normally add the word “it” here but I don't think it is needed in the Khmer, and therefore can better follow the Greek than English allows.

2) "និង​បាន" I don't think there is a need to use "បាន" here again being that it was already used in the beginning of the verse, "បាន​ចេញ​ទៅ" and by not using it again it better follows the Greek.

3) "អំពី​រឿង​នេះ" The author is now speaking outside the story; the event (story) had already taken place (not like the quote from Jesus which uses "នេះ" when He refers to the event) and so I believe this should be translated as, "អំពី​រឿង​នោះ"

4) "ដូច្នេះ​ហើយ" – I don't believe this translation is the best choice in the context for the word, “ωστε” - this is a minor issue, but I feel like the phrase, "រហូត​ទាល់តែ​" is a better reading (an English equivalent might be something like, “to such an extent that”

5) "ព្រះ​អង្គ​គង់​នៅ​" - The KCB chose to translate, “ην” to include "ព្រះ​អង្គ​" but again I don't see this as a necessary addition, being that in Khmer it is understood that it was Jesus who “was there”.

6) "គង់​នៅ​ខាង​ក្រៅ​ក្រុង" – The word ​"ក្រុង" is not in the Greek, nor do I feel it is needed in order to make the translation clear – I suggest the following translation with the addition of "បាន" to ensure readability: "បាន​គង់​នៅ​ខាង​ក្រៅ"

7) "ត្រង់​កន្លែង​ស្ងាត់​ៗ" - This is minor but I feel a better translation of, “ερημοις τοποις” would be, "រហោឋាន" though the meaning of the phrase in the KCB is very close with this alternate translation.

8) "មនុស្ស​ម្នា​" - the addition of "ម្នា​" I think should be removed being that in the Greek there is no specifier as to what “type” of people were coming to Christ (the word "ម្នា​" modifies the word “មនុស្ស" [people] and makes it out to be only common people, but most likely there were rich people as well).

9) "មនុស្ស​ម្នា​ពី​គ្រប់​ទិស​ទី" - I believe the phrase, "ពី​គ្រប់​ទិស​ទី" can and should be moved to the end of the verse in order to better follow the Greek word order.

10) "បាន​មក​រក​ព្រះ​អង្គ" – I believe this translation lends itself to be misunderstood. Did the people only search/look for Jesus or did they find Him? I suggest the following re-translation in order to remove any confusion (being that the Greek clearly states they “ηρχοντο” [came] to Jesus: "បាន​មក​ឯ​ព្រះ​អង្គ​"

A side note is the KCB's usage of the word "ព្រះ​អង្គ". I do not fully understand why it is used so frequently when a word like ទ្រង់ could be used (and to me, that word seems more “natural”). Anyone have some insight into the reasons behind this?

Putting all these suggestions together – I believe the translation should be something like this:

«ប៉ុន្តែ បុរស​នោះ​បាន​ចេញ​ទៅ រួច​ក៏​ចាប់ផ្តើម​ប្រកាស​ជា​ច្រើន​​​ និង​ផ្សព្វ​ផ្សាយ​អំពី​រឿង​នោះ​ រហូត​ទាល់តែ​ព្រះ​អង្គ​មិន​អាច​យាង​ចូល​ទៅ​ក្នុង​ក្រុង​ដោយ​ចំហ​បាន​ទៀត​ឡើយ ប៉ុន្តែ​បាន​គង់​នៅ​ខាង​ក្រៅ​ ត្រង់​ទី​រហោឋាន ហើយ​មនុស្ស​បាន​មក​ឯ​ព្រះ​អង្គ​ពី​គ្រប់​ទិស​ទី​។»


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